Residential Framing Checklist

Use the Residential Framing Checklist to check all elements for compliance with the 2018 International Residential Code (IRC).

Residential Framing Checklist



Floor Joists

1. Is the bearing at floor joists 1-1/2 inches at wood or steel bearing, and a minimum of 3 inches at masonry or concrete?


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2. Does joist framing lap at least 3 inches where framed from opposite sides of bearing support and nailed together with (3) 10d face nails or strapped together in an approved manner?


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3. Do framed openings meet the following? • Trimmer and header joists doubled or equivalent dimension when header span is greater than 4 feet. • When the header span is greater than 6 feet, the header joists are supported by framing anchors or joist hangers, bearing on beam, partition, or wall. • Tail joists greater than 12 feet are to be supported at the header by framing anchors or 2 by 2 ledgers.


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4. Are I-joists installed as per the manufacturer’s specifications and installation guidelines on site for use by the inspector?


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5. Is the floor crawl access 18 inches by 24 inches?


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Roof

1. Are the ridges, hips, and valleys designed as beams for roof slopes greater than 3:12 ?


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2. Are rafters framed opposite each other at the ridges ?


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3. Do notches on the ends of rafters exceed 1/4 of the nominal joist depth ?


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4. Do notches in the top or bottom of rafters don’t exceed 1/6 of the nominal depth and are not located in the middle 1/3 of the span? Note: Notching that is not longer than 1/3 of the nominal depth is permitted in the top of the rafter, if not located in the middle third of the rafter.


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5. Are holes in rafters not within 2 inches of the top or bottom of the rafter and the diameter is not greater than 1/3 the nominal depth? For I-joists, refer to the manufacturer’s specifications. ?


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6. Are rafter ties completed if required?


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7. Are purlins, collar ties, and struts installed as required?


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Trusses

1. Are the truss specifications on-site?


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2. Are the truss specifications stamped and signed by an engineer ?


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3. Does the truss configuration match the design drawings ?


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4. Is there no change in the roofing material from the original design?


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5. Do trusses have the correct bearing as specified?


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6. Do the lumber grade marks and sizes match the design specifications ?


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7. Are required hangers installed per the specifications ?


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8. Are the connection plate sizes, gauges, and locations per the specifications ?


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9. Is the truss bracing as noted and shown on the truss engineer's plans completed?


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10. Are ganged trusses nailed off per the manufacturer's specifications ?


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Permits And Plans

1. Is the job address posted in a visible location ?


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2. Are the permit and approved plans on-site and accessible to the inspector?


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3. Is the permit information correct, including the address, permit number, and description of work ?


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4. Has the contractor or person doing the work reviewed the approved plans to ensure consistency and completion with all required hardware framing and referenced framing details?


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5. Have all required electrical, mechanical, fire sprinkler, and plumbing rough-in inspections, and prior building inspections been approved and signed off (R109.1.4, or local ordinance)?


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General

1. Is the roof complete, and are exterior moisture barriers installed?


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2. Is there no significant moisture remaining in the wood framing?


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3. Are penetrations at top and bottom plates, fire blocks, soffits, ceiling lines, etc., properly sealed and installed as required? See code section R302.11 for specific locations and approved materials.


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4. Has the installation of plumbing, mechanical, electrical, or fire sprinkler system rough-in work not damaged wall framing, floor joists, or roof framing ?


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5. Are plumbing openings to crawl spaces and living spaces above protected by secured metal screens or collars with openings no greater than ½ inch ?


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6. Are smoke alarms and carbon monoxide wiring installed at all required locations ?


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7. Is tempered glazing installed in all required areas ?


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8. Is attic access provided to areas exceeding 30 square feet and a vertical height of 30 inches or greater? Is the rough framed opening a minimum of 22 inches by 30 inches with a minimum of 30 inches of unobstructed headroom above the access? See also the Plumbing Rough-In and the Mechanical Rough-In checklists for additional requirements.


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9. Are sill heights at emergency escape and rescue openings framed to allow a maximum of 44 inches from the finished floor to the bottom of the clear opening ?


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10. Are operable windows with openings more than 6 feet above grade or surface below, where the lowest part of the clear opening is less than 24 inches above the interior finished floor fixed, or have openings through which a 4-inch sphere cannot pass? See the section for exceptions?


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Stairs

1. Is there a floor or a 36-inch deep landing installed at the top and bottom of the stairways ? Are landings of shapes other than square or rectangular permitted provided the depth at the walk line and the total area is not less than that of a quarter circle with a radius equal to the required landing width? Exception: Not required at the top of an interior flight of stairs, if the door does not swing over stairs.


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2. Is the stairway headroom clearance a minimum of 6 feet - 8 inches measured vertically from the sloped line adjoining the stairway tread nosing or the floor surface of the landings and platforms to the soffit or other construction above at all points?


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3. Are all stairways provided with illumination ?


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4. Is stair nosing ¾ inches to 1 1/4 inches required when solid risers are installed except when the tread depth is 11 inches minimum?


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5. Is the radius of curvature at the leading edge of the tread not over 9/16 inches ?


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6. Do stair riser/tread dimensions not exceed the specified maximum difference ?


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Hold-downs And Hardware

1. Have the required special inspections been completed, and are the reports available to the inspector? (epoxy or wedge anchor bolting into concrete, structural welding, moment frames, etc.).


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2. Are the proper type and size of fasteners used for each application?


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3. Are mechanical connectors, straps, hold-downs, and hangers installed according to the approved plans and manufacturer's specifications ?


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4. Are fasteners and hardware for pressure-preservative and fire-retardant-treated wood of hot-dipped galvanized steel, stainless steel, silicon bronze, or copper?


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5. Is joisting at decks of preservative-treated lumber unless approved weatherproof decking membrane is used??


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6. Are full-height studs installed at all hold-downs and strapping, and is all nailing into studs at hold-downs and straps complete?


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7. Is anchor bolting installed per shear-wall schedule or, at a minimum: 2 per plate, 6 feet on center maximum, 12 inches from the plate ends maximum, and not less than 7 bolt diameters from the end of each piece? Properly sized nut and washer (minimum 3”x 3” x 0.229” unless otherwise engineered) tightened on each bolt?


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Walls

1. Are the sheathing panel end joints aligned over framing and fasteners installed according to the approved plan?


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2. Have the plans been checked for installation and securing of special blocking?


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3. Are the fastener types and sizes used as per the approved plans and schedules ?


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4. Do lumber grades match those shown on the plans ?


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5. Are sill heights at emergency escape and rescue openings properly framed?


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6. Are top plate splices less than 24 inches, or plates over-notched or over-bored, strapped with a minimum 16 gauge by a 1-1/2-inch wide metal tie with (8) 10d nails per side? Exception: When the entire side of the wall with the notch or cut is covered by wood structural panel sheathing.


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7. Are all point loads carried through to the foundation ?


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8. Are double and triple trimmers installed under headers, lintels, and beams? Is it ensured that most header openings require a minimum of (2) trimmers?


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9. Are the wall studs sized per plan and per code? (e.g., third-story conditions, short walls, bearing for trusses, etc.)


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10. Are all vertical and horizontal framing members that have been notched or bored met the standards set ?


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Checklist by GoAudits.com – Please note that this checklist is intended as an example. We do not guarantee compliance with the laws applicable to your territory or industry. You should seek professional advice to determine how this checklist should be adapted to your workplace or jurisdiction.

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