Footing and Foundation Checklist

Use the Footing and Foundation Checklist to guide inspection of foundational elements, ensuring they meet 2018 International Residential Code standards.

Footing and Foundation Checklist



Permits And Plans

1. Is the job address posted in a visible location?


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2. Are permits and approved plans on-site and accessible to the inspector?


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3. Is permit information correct (e.g., address, permit number, description of work, etc.)?


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4. Have plans been reviewed for any special inspection requirements? Note; If special inspections are required by the jurisdiction, do the special inspector leave copies of their site visit report(s) with the permit each time they are on the site?


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5. Is the special inspector certified to perform the required type of inspection?


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6. Have the approved plans been checked for identification of flood hazard areas and associated requirements for construction?


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7. Have the approved plans been checked for building setbacks or height restrictions per the local jurisdiction?


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Location On Property

1. Are the footings and foundation located within the setbacks per the local jurisdiction?


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2. Are protected areas and erosion control measures marked per the approved plans per the local jurisdiction?


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Footings

1. Is there a safe and clear walking path to the site and the formwork?


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2. Have the footings been constructed per the approved plans?


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3. Has all loose soil, mud, or water been removed from the bottom of the footing, and debris, water, and/or ice removed from spaces to be occupied by concrete?


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4. Is steel reinforcement properly placed, and does the steel grade, size, spacing, splicing, and cover follow the approved plans?


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5. Do the footings meet the minimum cover requirements ? • 3 inches when cast against and permanently exposed to the ground. • 2 inches for number 6 through number 18 bar when exposed to earth or weather. • 1-1/2 inches for number 5 or smaller bar when exposed to earth or weather.


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6. Is the minimum diameter of the bend six times the bar diameter ?


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7. Is the reinforcement steel spliced per the approved plans with two ties per lap?


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8. Are footings for masonry chimneys a minimum of 12 inches thick and extend not less than 6 inches outside the chimney wall and project below grade as required, with reinforcement steel per approved drawings?


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9. Are the footings level, or stepped, if the ground slopes more than 1 foot in 10 feet (10%)?


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10. Is there a minimum 1-inch clear spacing between parallel reinforcing bars?


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11. Do the footings project beyond the face of the foundation wall at least 2 inches but not more than the thickness of the footing?


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12. Do footings bear on frozen soil?


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13. Is the reinforcement thoroughly clean of loose scale, rust, ice, mud, oil, or other deleterious coatings?


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Foundation

1. Will the top of the wall project a minimum of 6 inches above the finished grade?


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2. Are foundations in flood-prone areas designed per IRC R322 with elevation determined per FEMA maps and/or surveyed and sealed by a design professional using flood-resistant materials (R322.2.1, [Zone AO])?


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3. Is surface drainage away from the foundation walls a minimum of 6 inches for the first 10 feet, with slope provided (a minimum of 2 percent) on narrow lots to drains or to approved swales?


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4. Do the joists within the building footprint maintain a minimum of 18 inches above grade in the crawl space or are they treated wood or wood of natural resistance to decay?


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5. Do the beams within the building footprint maintain a minimum of 12 inches above grade in the crawl space or are they treated wood or wood of natural resistance to decay?


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6. Is the foundation wall at the thickness shown on the approved plans?


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7. Is steel reinforcement properly placed, and does the steel grade(40 or 60 are most common), size, spacing, splicing, and cover follow the approved plans?


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8. Do the footings meet the minimum cover requirements ? • 3 inches when cast against and permanently exposed to the ground. • 2 inches for number 6 through number 18 bar when exposed to earth or weather. • 1-1/2 inches for number 5 or smaller bar when exposed to earth or weather.


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9. Is the minimum diameter of the bend six times the bar diameter ?


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10. Do the anchor bolts have a minimum of 7 inches of embedment when the concrete is poured, putting the bottom of anchor bolts within steel?


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11. Are anchor bolts sized and spaced per the structural plans for shear walls?


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12. Are the required hold-downs placed per approved plans and manufacturer’s installation requirements? Note: Hold-down straps and embedded bolts for hold-downs may not be wet set. Requirements may vary per jurisdiction


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13. Are crawl space vents incorporated into foundation walls properly sized, spaced, and installed?


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14. Is the concrete strength a minimum of 3000 psi and is the air entrained (5 percent to 7 percent) for walls exposed to weather (IRC Table R402.2)?


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15. Are foundation retaining walls unsupported at the top and retaining greater than 48 inches of unbalanced fill designed ?


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16. Is waterproofing and dampproofing of foundation exterior walls in place?


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Cold And Hot Weather Requirements

1. Is concrete placed during freezing or near-freezing weather comply with the following : • Adequate equipment is provided for heating concrete materials and protecting concrete during freezing or near-freezing weather. • Concrete materials and reinforcement, forms, fillers, and ground with which concrete is to come in contact are free from frost. • Frozen materials or materials containing ice not being used.


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2. Is concrete placed during hot weather, comply with the following • Proper attention is given to ingredients, production methods, handling, placing, protection, and curing to prevent excessive concrete temperatures or water evaporation that could impair the required strength or serviceability of the member or structure


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Checklist by GoAudits.com – Please note that this checklist is intended as an example. We do not guarantee compliance with the laws applicable to your territory or industry. You should seek professional advice to determine how this checklist should be adapted to your workplace or jurisdiction.

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